ProMED Summary of Trichinellosis Outbreaks (2001-2005)
|TRICHINELLOSIS, JACKAL MEAT, FRANCE FROM ALGERIA
|Pr Jean Dupouy-Camet, MD, PhD
Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie
Centre National de Reference des Trichinella
(French Reference Center for Trichinellosis )
Hopital Cochin / Universite R. Descartes
27 Fbrg St Jacques, 75014, Paris, France
We report here a single case acquired in Algeria (Batna region), by a
Muslim worker. Shortly after returning to France, in November 2004,
the patient developed the typical clinical and biological signs of
the disease. At first, he claimed to have eaten only mutton -- a most
unusual host for Trichinella but the subsequent inquiry revealed
that he had eaten barbecued leg of jackal (Canis aureus), which he
captured while wandering in the countryside.
The muscular biopsy of the patient was positive, and 2 physicians in
the south of France efficiently treated him with albendazole.
Trichinellosis is rather infrequent in Muslim countries such as
Algeria, as pork is forbidden, but the parasite circulates in
wildlife (wild boars and jackals).
In France, we were able to identify at least 5 outbreaks involving
around 40 cases (all of them being expatriates) since 1945 after the
consumption of wild boar meat. This recent Algerian case is the first
due to jackal meat consumption in North Africa, but similar cases
could be misdiagnosed, as Islamic law seems to tolerate the
consumption of such small carnivores. Pork is the common worldwide
source of human trichinellosis, but the odd habits of some consumers
sometimes put them at risk as well.
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