Clinical Correlates of Trichinellosis

A single colorized interactive graphic depicts all the major clinical signs and symptoms of infection with Trichinella spiralis. It serves as a guide to physicians regarding the differential diagnosis of this parasitic infection.

The graph above summarizes the major clinical findings and diagnostic correlates.

Click on the following for images and pathological correlates:


Muscle larvae

Bilateral periorbital edema and splinter hemorrhages

Parenteral phase

Enteral phase

The following references contain comprehensive summaries of the clinical presentations that an infection with Trichinella can induce.


  1. Bruschi F Murrell KD 2002 New aspects of human trichinellosis; the impact of new Trichinella species. Postgra Med J 78:15-22.

  2. Capó, V. and Despommier, D. 1996. Clinical aspects of Infection with Trichinella ssp. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 9 (1): 47-54. [View/Print PDF]

  3. Hermanowska-Spakowicz, T., Lukjan, W., Pancewicz, S., Daniluk, J., Siwak, E., and Kondrusik, M. 1993. Epidemiological and clinical analysis of the incidence of trichinellosis in North Eastern region of Poland, p. 469-474. In W.S. Campbell, E. Pozio, and F. Bruschi (ed.), Trichinellosis. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Trichinosis, 1993. Instituto Superiore di Santá Press, Rome.

  4. Murrell, D. and Bruschi, F. 1994. Clinical trichinellosis, p. 117-150. In T. Sun (ed.) Progress in clinical parasitology. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla.